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“事件”则是每一位角色的专属剧情。想要在专属剧情中获得青睐,有时候只需做出正确的选择,有时候则需多年辛苦的积攒。

在《职场浮生记》九年半的游戏时间中,主人公所在的部门和职位可能会经历数次调整。升职、降职、加薪、降薪、跳槽、转岗……职业生涯中可能出现的变化多达10种。职场生涯初期,只要每天认真完成工作,在职责角色内行为(In-Role Behavior)上用心,并且业余时间积极考取执业证书,就可以升职加薪。完成工作主要通过卡牌游戏的形式展现。在对应的技能过关的前提下,达到A级或以上评价,获得上司的点名表扬十分容易。

而在主人公身居高位时,与下属相处的情景会让他回忆起自己初出茅庐的青涩时光。其中一个典型事件是,主人公颇为看好的一位实习程序员,在完成额定分量的代码任务之后无所事事,却不对代码进行测试。在对这位下属进行劝导的时候,主人公可以拿出当年老上司吴天昊规劝他的话:“世界上有两条真理:第一,是人一定会死。第二,是代码一定会有bug。”之后主人公亲自上手测试,用无可辩驳的事实让下属意识到自己工作的不严谨。

保姆矛盾并非家庭中的主要矛盾,但也有相当重要的分量。由于保姆是专门从事这一行当,只要主人公肯出钱,肯认真找合适的中介,雇佣到一名熟悉照料婴儿的保姆并不难。但是保姆的爱心和责任心,就不是一纸契约可以保障的了。游戏中有两次雇佣保姆的机会,第一位准确来说是月嫂,而第二位是普通保姆。在这两位保姆带孩子时,妻子都会疑神疑鬼,担心保姆虐待孩子。通过安装摄像头发现,对月嫂的怀疑只是误会一场,而对普通保姆的怀疑确有其事。这让罹患产后抑郁症的妻子不仅选择辞退这位保姆,而且再也不肯信任任何一位保姆。遗憾的是,游戏在坐月子的剧情上给出的选择很少。从语义学的角度[10],即现实符号在游戏世界里的投影的角度来说,这里的月嫂和保姆都符合人们的现实经验。但是一旦进入语法学的角度,即游戏世界符号之间的彼此关系,出现这种情况就显得不伦不类。考虑到彼时主人公凭着本职和兼职的收入,每个月已经有超过4万元的进账,如果能够允许主人公订月子中心,这部分的对比会更为鲜明。

当面沟通只能在公司进行,且一次需要消耗大量行动力。这种行为特地指向提高对方的好感度,提高的数值取决于主人公的“交际”技能。这说明了职场上的那十几项技能,只是做好项目工作的保证。但是想要在职场上平步青云,交际力、学习力、执行力等可迁移技能同样重要,乃至更加关键。

[1]功能游戏,指的是不同于传统意义上以娱乐为主要目的或者最高追求的游戏。功能游戏的主要目的是解决和应对现实社会问题,如医疗、教育、环境等。

余论:现实主义职场游戏的得失之辨

第三,让不同的角色之间产生更多勾连。目前《职场浮生记》的一大特色和现实主义色彩的一大重要来源,就是角色数量众多。仅仅有立绘的NPC就可以分为亲人、领导、同事等9类,其中仅“领导”就有十多个。但是这些角色之间的关联还不够密切,且大多以小圈子的形式存在:如主人公的大学宿舍同学、雷云公司的员工、清溪县的亲戚等等。

第一,在设置事件的时候,变“故事本位”为“角色本位”,思考角色的反应对这个角色来说是否适合。比如在妻子怀孕时,主人公需要购买叶酸。目前的设定是,无论主人公的属性和技能达到什么程度,都只有购买便宜的叶酸和昂贵的叶酸两种选择。这显然把角色窄化了。在购买叶酸和其他许许多多类似的事件中,应该考虑到主人公为此做了什么样的准备,把角色当下的知识储备和能力考虑进来,这样才能体现出玩家对主人公的培养。

[5]费小兰,唐汉瑛,马红宇.工作-生活平衡理念下的家庭支持:概念、维度及作用[J].心理科学,2017,40(03):708-713.DOI:10.16719/j.cnki.1671-6981.20170330.

其二是自由度受限。有这样一条评论:

面对伪装成茶叶商人的诈骗犯,主人公有许多选择

个人的身心健康、组织的管理效率和社会的长远发展,都与人们能否在工作与生活之间取得平衡息息相关[4]。随着社会需求日益多样化,休闲、健康、个人发展和社区事务正变得越来越重要,在职业和个人生活之间取得平衡成为了许多职场人士在选择职业、公司和岗位时优先考虑的议题[5]。

夫妻矛盾可以被视为这四组矛盾的核心。毕竟,正是因为二人结婚,两个家庭融合并且组建新的小家庭,其他矛盾才会涌现。婚后的第一个问题就是谁来管账。尽管两个人AA制也可以,但这更像是搭伙过日子,而非情投意合的夫妻。如果自己管账,那么每个月妻子好感度都会下降。妻子管账则会让主人公每月失去一半的收入。游戏对此并未进行极端化的处理,已经是高管或者至少是公司中层的主人公,凭着一半收入,也足够维持基本的生活体面。但是在朋友邀约聚会时,有时不免捉襟见肘。

[3]游戏中许多角色的名字都用了谐音梗:如“肖耿班”谐音“小跟班”、“孔匠兵”谐音“空降兵”、“黄斐吾”谐音“黄废物”等。

在游戏的前5年,情感相关的内容大多是年轻男女的耳鬓厮磨和争执打闹。到了游戏时间5年10月,如果主人公和女友到民政局领证,那么就进入了更加写实的经营家庭环节[6]。不同于那些披上婚纱就进入大结局的美少女游戏,《职场浮生记》的后五年,主人公被缠绕在家庭内外的四组矛盾中,难以兼顾。这四个矛盾分别是:夫妻矛盾、长辈矛盾、晚辈矛盾和保姆矛盾。

[7]朱东丽.婆媳冲突的社会学分析[J].西北农林科技大学学报(社会科学版),2007,(01):118-121.

游戏中第一次工作与生活的重大冲突,发生在爷爷胃癌晚期住院时。彼时,主人公正在雷云的技术分公司任总监。项目进行到了攻坚克难的紧要关头。于是,分公司实行封闭式开发,所有人都需要吃住在公司。如果这时候请假回去奔丧,那么身为总监的威信一夜之间丧失殆尽,公司总经理会表露不满,公司下属也会觉得主人公双重标准。而如果坚持在公司同吃同住同劳动,那么项目结束之后,爷爷已经撒手人寰。父母和奶奶对主角的好感度会降低100点,可以说是反目成仇。

[6]恋爱阶段,主人公有黄萍萍、赵梦圆、陈子澄、穆轻雪四个可选对象。考虑到不同的恋爱对象在婚检、备孕、怀孕、分娩、二胎等桥段的游戏剧情大同小异,这里不展开讨论,除涉及某位女主角的专属剧情外,只根据两人领证与否简称为“女友”或者“妻子”。

而在游戏中期,主人公会从程序员升职为项目经理,目光不再局限于自己的一亩三分地。这种情况下,职场就以多重视角展开:高层领导、直属领导、同级、下属、其他部门。这五重关系让主人公的职场生涯变幻无常、步步惊心。要经营好这五重关系,主人公需要在朋友圈、当面沟通、手机通讯和事件上都应对得法。

“(主人公)给(妻子)计算宫缩的时间,宫缩已经由原来的无规律宫缩,转变为有规律宫缩。”

游戏并没有刻意进行情感渲染,也没有让妻子在孕期遭逢家庭变故或者意外事故而流产。仅仅是按照最为平安顺利的可能性,记录了怀胎十月、一朝分娩的全过程,看起来已经足够惊心动魄,令人感慨生育一个孩子,不啻爬冰卧雪。

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[11]孔德罡.《大多数》与“游戏现实主义”:电子游戏的跨阶层叙事尝试和超越面向[J].中国图书评论,2023,(11):9-18.

如改编自当当网李国庆、俞渝抢公章事件的雷云内斗,在进入白热化阶段时,创始人和资本方的总经理水火不容。此时主角帮助任何一方,都是一次不能回头的站队。如果两不相帮,之后就再也没有登上雷云高管位置的机会。而如果要插手,“以理服人”需要口才演技≥4星;“直接突围”需要健身格斗≥4星。不管哪一项,都是平时长久积累的结果。

弟弟:那天小俊把阿辰拉到厕所,打了阿辰好几下巴掌。我看不下去,就揍了小俊。哥,是因为小俊太坏了!我才打他的!

结婚之前,尽管主人公需要找时间和女朋友谈恋爱、约会才能够有情人终成眷属,但是具体时间是可以自我掌控的。即便在生活中多分配一些行动力,只要工作完成得快,也不会耽误事业进步。但婚后育后,想要实现工作和生活的平衡,就变得十分困难,并没有完美的解决办法。让妻子辞职或者自己辞职无疑会把职业生涯中断,即使之后可以重返职场,这段空窗期也会让简历失色许多。如果选择生二胎,工作和生活的平衡就是完全不可能做到了。例如,面对公司的紧急任务和婴儿突发急病,选择了一方就势必在另一方那里失分。

主人公成为父亲

或许更有现实观照的设计是,主人公之前的朋友赵大强因为开办赌场,被判处有期徒刑六年。赵大强出狱之后,主人公没有因为他是刑满释放人员而对他不理不睬或者冷嘲热讽,而是积极想办法帮助他洗心革面,重新融入社会。如果在关于赵大强的事件中,主人公每次都做出了妥帖的选择,那么之后赵大强会开设自己的烧烤店,成为一位合法经营的个体户。不仅如此,还在主人公的大学同学、富二代郝帅染上赌瘾的时候,出手点化,让他迷途知返。这样的设计可谓一箭三雕:让主人公多年的不离不弃有了皆大欢喜的结局;体现了身为公司高层的主人公八面玲珑的人际交往能力;同时对刑满释放人员的生计出路进行了探索型的现实主义思考。如果其他事件也能够得到打磨,设计质量与这个任务链相若,游戏还能更上一层楼。

雷云那几个女性高管都大我一轮了,还好感度一到就表白呢?

人资答应给46K! OL拒绝其他公司「下秒突改42K」 过来人1句点破

物价上涨压力大新鲜人期待薪资3.7万最想投入这2行业

贴文一出引起大网友留言,有不少网友因原Po有提到游戏名称而质疑是不是在业配回覆,「危机就是转机,虽然我一度怀疑这篇是不是业配」、「你找到的工作就是游戏业配」,也有网友分享个人经历,表示玩游戏找工作真的可行说道,「我朋友也是这样,外文系毕业不好找工作,后来游戏上的朋友介绍找到科技业设备的工作」 、「前份工作是管理职,我也是引荐一位公会朋友,进来我部门负责网路行销的工作。」

第二种是主人公和妻子娘家亲属之间的关系,这一点根据主人公的结婚对象不同而不同。比如,和没有上过大学但是自立自强的黄萍萍结婚,她的弟弟黄斐吾就会来蹭吃蹭喝。如果和富家女陈子澄结婚,就会被有钱有势的陈父陈母挑剔指责。

《职场浮生记》也将工作生活平衡纳入了游戏机制。在本作品中,这一点通过行动力分配机制实现:每月开始时,玩家都可以决定主人公花费多少行动力在工作上,多少行动力在生活上。分配在“工作”上的行动力可以用于精进专业能力、和公司同事沟通、触发公司支线剧情。而分配在“生活”上的行动力可以用于培养兴趣爱好、和亲朋好友沟通、触发公司外的支线剧情。

在相当长一段游戏时间里,这是一种零和游戏:分配给工作的时间多了,自然难以兼顾生活。反之亦然。但是随着游戏时间推进,玩家会有一些机会增加角色的可分配行动力。首先,可以参加各种体育运动:爬山、跑步、广场舞、篮球,筋骨健壮的人有更多精力来应对工作和生活的波折。其次,出行方式的选择也会影响可以分配的行动力。步行上下班固然可以消耗大量卡路里,避免肥胖,但是和乘坐公交或者地铁相比,可分配的行动力也会因此减少。最后一个对行动力有重大影响的要素是睡眠时间。如果每天都休息9小时,那么可分配行动力-4,好处则是心旷神怡。如果一直熬夜,睡眠时间最多可以降低到2小时,可分配行动力+10,而做卷王则代价则是郁郁寡欢(每月心情-50)、行将就木(每月健康-9.9)。长此以往,不到一年就会病逝。

然而那些被鼓动的经理、主管和基础岗位的职员,则仅仅是因为把主人公看做关键他人(Significant Other),为了实现融入集体自我(Collective Self)而加入公司的派系斗争。从后续的发展来看,如果他们支持的一方落败,就不得不想方设法讨好获胜方,从而避免被降职或者裁员。即使他们支持的一方获胜,还能够留在原来的岗位上,公司也会因为内斗而陷入衰退,奖金和福利待遇大不如前。

村里修路的那一段,如果按照正常工作的流程,玩家手上当时并不会有很多钱,尤其是第一次玩的玩家,在购房购车刷属性,追求女生无果多个事件之后,大多数手上是拮据的,但我一心只想搞钱,在那个节点通过直播,手上已经有上百万。村里修路,问我要捐多少钱,最高的选项是10W,这个没有问题,在我捐出这个钱之后我本以为会有正面反馈,或者一些爽点,但马上就有其他人捐出100W,所以我捐1000还是不捐还是10w,并没有太大区别。

主人公可以学习的三大类18项技能

实际上,弟弟鸿奇很多时候并没有把主人公当成哥哥,而是当成父亲来对待。他和主人公的父亲水生,在乡镇当老师,同时还热心公益、资助贫困学生、组织修路,忙得脱不开身。弟弟在学校遇到事情需要找家长的时候,选择请主人公代劳:

▼原Po待业三个月,靠着玩手游认识担任公司副总的大老而得到爽缺。 (图/取自Pixabay)

(封面图/取自Pixabay)

第二,可以精修每个事件的具体设置,让剧情选择和角色状态紧密结合。其实目前已经有这样的设定,如在试玩版中就存在的“卖茶女”事件,是根据真实生活改编的经典事件。在这个事件中,玩家有四个选项,每个选项都和当下的状态挂钩,但同时又给了玩家自由度。

本作对晚辈矛盾的刻画紧跟时事,别具一格。从“单独二孩”到“全面二孩”再到“全面三孩”,不到十年的时间里,生育政策发生滔天巨变。主人公初入职场,就正好在这个阶段。在游戏时间第2年,主人公的妈妈生了二胎。这使得主人公有一个年纪足以做他儿子的弟弟,也让家庭矛盾变得更加错综复杂。在生育二胎之后,主人公被三重晚辈矛盾所包围:弟弟和子女之间的矛盾、头胎和二胎之间的矛盾、子女和邻居孩子之间的矛盾。

如果主人公没有结婚,对于尚未婚配的成年女性,即使是在公司三令五申禁止办公室恋爱的情况下,一旦好感度达标,就能够触发“好人卡剧情”,即主人公进行表白然后遭到拒绝。仔细一想,这种表白显然缺乏逻辑:两个人之间没有多少共同回忆,对彼此的兴趣爱好也几乎没有了解。在这种前提下表白,即使对于初出茅庐的大学生而言也显得太过唐突。而对于已经工作数年,担任了项目经理甚至部门经理的主人公来说,完全是人设割裂。

这些鳞次栉比的矛盾构成了游戏后5年生活部分的主线,让主人公在家庭和职场之间奔波劳碌。如果还有闲暇,同学同事的麻烦也是一波未平一波又起,充分体现了中年男人背负的责任和辛劳。这些问题单独拿出来都可以解决,甚至说难度不大。但是当这些问题堆积在一起,就需要主人公体魄强健、精力旺盛且长袖善舞。

生儿育女:从花前月下到柴米油盐

注释:

另外,这款游戏也在继承之前养成游戏的基础上,为之后的现实主义游戏提供了值得参考的框架:即通过从大城市-城镇-乡村自然地理和人文风貌的不同,刻画祖辈-父辈-平辈-儿辈四代之间的观念习俗冲突。这种叙事方式不仅可以用于职场题材,也可以推广到性别、科普、医疗等许多其他题材的游戏之中。

主人公升职成为总监、副总经理或者总经理之后,之前自己的领导有的已经股份变现选择退休;有的铤而走险最终身败名裂;有的依然在公司任职,反而成为了主人公的下属。这些人的命运至少在一个时代中,和主人公的命运息息相关:荣辱与共,或者不共戴天。他们同时也是映照主人公命运的镜子。正所谓“以人为鉴,可以知得失”。如果主人公做出了不同的选择,也可能和他们走到相同的道路上。比方说,如果为了维护原创团队的地位不动摇,在和邹飞扬为首的资本方经理人斗争时选择伪造材料,固然可以取得一时的优势。但是在警方介入、真相大白之后,需要为自己行差踏错付出代价:被判有期徒刑,之前职场的全部积累刹那间化为镜花水月。

没想到玩手游时竟然在游戏公会中意外认识了一名在公司担任业务副总的「大老」,刚好大老的公司急缺一名审计,便帮他修改一下履历递给人事,原Po也马上顺利入职,至今已经入职两周,他表示,「现在没人管我,每年出差2次就好,每天下了班和大老们玩玩游戏,真的爽到飞起」。

游戏中有三个主要场景:雷云集团、厦州市和清溪县。雷云集团是主人公上班的公司,如果离职就意味着游戏结束。这里有三十个可拜访地点,从总经理、副总经理办公室,到人事部、财务部、行政部,甚至楼道、茶水间、厕所、前台,一应俱全。厦州市是主人公生活的城市,有六个区域,一共67个可拜访地点,衣食住行无所不包。清溪县则是主人公的老家,分为父母居住的凤山镇(9个地点)和祖父母居住的云上乡(6个地点)。尽管清溪县可以去的地点并不多,但是乡镇具有明显的层次感:凤山镇的发达程度远远不如厦州市,但是小学、医院、美食街、购物中心等处,已然表明这是一个城市化的镇子。而云上乡的可拜访地点则是稻田、茶园、清溪等等,呈现出明显的乡村气息。这也为之后的三代人的代际矛盾,埋下了伏笔。

[4]Derks, D., van Duin, D., Tims, M. and Bakker, A.B., 2015. Smartphone use and work–home interference: The moderating role of social norms and employee work engagement. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88(1), pp.155-177.

游戏中的长辈矛盾主要分为三类:第一种是婆媳关系。现实生活中的婆媳矛盾主要分为三种:婆婆欺压媳妇、媳妇欺压婆婆、婆婆和媳妇旗鼓相当[7]。游戏中产假结束后,妻子不愿意辞职。二孩妈妈的人力资本折旧速度快,仅仅两三年的职业中断就可能被视为与市场脱节[8]。因此,从职场生涯发展的角度看,这是一步好棋。但从家庭的角度看,彼时的主人公无论是跟随老上司吴天昊去了分公司,还是留在雷云总部,都正处在中层人事斗争的风口浪尖。此时选择把重心放在家庭上无异于自毁长城。权衡利弊之下,主人公让母亲来帮忙带孩子。但是老人和妻子的生活习惯多有不同。这属于第三种“旗鼓相当”式的婆媳斗争。在这种情况下,既是儿子又是丈夫的主人公并没有能力一劳永逸地解决问题,只能够像双面胶一样,在每一个具体的事件中当和事佬和稀泥。如果完全站在母亲这一边,最后这场婚姻可能会以离婚收场。而如果事事都赞同妻子、反驳母亲,则会让母亲心灰意冷,回到清溪县再不肯与小家庭往来。

[9]朱静辉.家庭结构、代际关系与老年人赡养——以安徽薛村为个案的考察[J].西北人口,2010,31(03):51-57.DOI:10.15884/j.cnki.issn.1007-0672.2010.03.010.

其三是感情线设计混乱。如有Steam评论称:

窥一斑而知全豹,《职场浮生记》中有不少事件都难以提供正反馈。之所以出现这样的情况,是因为这部作品过于详尽而仔细地观察和刻画生活,对一些玩家的游戏体验产生了负面影响。以上面的游戏评论为例,作为一个朝九晚五的程序员,上班才几年时间,能够积攒10万余钱捐赠给村集体,已经十分不易。但和创业有成的企业家相比,自然相形见绌。从合理性的角度来看,创业属于高风险、高收益的行为。和程序员相比,企业家确实更有可能具备向家乡提供大额捐助的经济实力。但是从体验的角度来说,很可能会让玩家觉得,自己规划筹谋许久,才攒下来这笔钱,花出去之后却没有得到预期的报偿。

这些问题要如何解决呢?面面俱到是不可能的。总成本大约4亿美元的《荒野大镖客:救赎2》,号称连“马的睾丸因为温度变化而热胀冷缩”的效果都已经做出来了[12]。但即使如此,主人公亚瑟也只有四种可能的结局。以有限的制作时间,不可能满足玩家群体对于自由度无限的追求。不过,在当下的基础上加以改进,是可以考虑的。

市区五套房,自己住别墅开豪车,存款200万的26岁年轻人,你告诉我会因为丢了月薪一万的工作结束游戏?

主人公的职业生涯变化

其实这款游戏的自由度极高。虽然还不能和《辐射4》《我的世界》等著名的开放世界游戏相比,但在现实主义游戏中的自由度可谓一骑绝尘,给玩家自由选择的空间远远超过《北京浮生记》《中关村启示录》《这是我的战争》等作品。但为何仍然在这方面遭到斥责呢?关键在于,如果游戏完全没有自由度,玩家可能不会说什么。如《完蛋!我被美女包围了!》中的债务,主人公没有任何斡旋的余地。但是反而让玩家接受了这种设定,未出现任何违和感。

[8]白黎,杨慧.二孩妈妈回归职场问题研究[J].山东女子学院学报,2018,(06):29-35.

第三种是主人公自己和家族长辈之间的关系。主人公所在的家庭是一个大家族,父亲是兄弟三人,母亲是姐妹两人。二叔、二婶、三叔、三婶、二姨等亲戚都有出场,爷爷奶奶也占了很大戏份。爷爷去世后,奶奶失去了陪伴自己多年的丈夫,心里没有寄托,愈加希望得到主人公的关心。奶奶的三个孩子都能够照顾她,但是如果主人公建议三家轮流抚养,奶奶很快就会因为纷至沓来的婆媳矛盾,从县城搬回乡下。在代际关系紧张的当下,老人不习惯和儿子儿媳一起过,儿子儿媳也不愿意和子女一起生活[9]。面对孤单寂寞的奶奶,主人公陷入两难:经常回去探望实在是力不从心,如果撒手不管或者只是打个视频电话,奶奶就会被保健品贩子视为猎物,大半辈子的积蓄付诸东流。

更多东森财经新闻报导

其一是正反馈不足。如Steam评论区中的一个观点:

与以往的职场题材游戏不同,2024年5月上线的职场生活模拟游戏《职场浮生记》以全面而细致的视角,带领玩家领略了职场生涯的波谲云诡。在这款游戏中,玩家需要扮演一位本科应届毕业生,从厦州雷云集团的实习程序员岗位开始自己的职场生涯。在9年半的游戏时间中,主角会经历工作、社交和婚姻家庭等种种盛衰涨落,最终步入中年。这款游戏采用了非常贴近现实的笔法,其内容结合了最近十几年中国的政策变化和时代浪潮,很多剧情堪称职场教科书,甚至具有功能游戏[1]的色彩。

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